Copper has the most consistent internal and external demand. The largest part of the
Polymetals (lead, zinc)
Developed reserves of
Gold ore deposits of Kazakhstan are located in 16 ore mining regions, scattered across the country. Primary gold producers are mining companies of the northern and central parts of Kazakhstan, developing the deposits Vasilkovskoye, Aksu, Zholymbet, etc. Period of explored reserve availability for the mining companies is over 30 years.
The aluminum industry of Kazakhstan uses the bauxites of Kostanai province, where large deposits (Krasnooktyabrskoye, etc.) are located. Period of reserve availability for the mining companies is over 50 years.
The country runs 12 iron ore deposits, the largest of which are located in Kostanai province of the northern Kazakhstan (Sokolovskoye, Sarbaiskoye, etc.). Iron ore industry of the country has the mineral reserves sufficient for over 100 years.
All industrial reserves of manganese are located in the central Kazakhstan that has the largest deposits — Zapadny Karazhan, Ushkatyn III, etc. Reserves are expected to last for around 50 years.
Chromites are mined on a relatively small area in the western Kazakhstan, and the ore quality is high (45–50% chromic oxide). Ferrous metal reserves are expected to last for over 80 years.
Uranium is mined using the progressive method of underground leaching in
Kazakhstan has 5 coal basins. Largest part of the coal reserves is found in the Karaganda and Ekibastuz coal basins. This sector is sustained by the confirmed coal reserves for over 100 years. Aside from the aforementioned natural resources, Kazakhstan also possesses considerable explored reserves of